How to recover lost GRUB bootloader in Linux
GRUB is a small program used to manage booting into operating systems, loaded by the MBR. It allows you to select operating systems to boot and specify boot options for each.
Related: How to backup MBR in Linux
GRUB could get corrupted or deleted in events like installing Microsoft Windows, making you unable to load your other operating systems.
GRUB configuration is stored in your Linux root partition. It makes it possible to restore deleted or corrupted GRUB from the remaining configuration files.
Steps to recover deleted GRUB bootloader in Linux:
Boot into Linux using Live CD or USB Drive.
Get into Live CD mode if available.
For Ubuntu installer, click on the Try Ubuntu button.
If no Live CD mode available, press <ctrl> + <alt> + <f2> keys to get to the terminal. For Ubuntu, the default username is ubuntu and the password is empty (just press enter at the password prompt).
Find Linux partition with working GRUB configuration.
$ lsblk NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT loop0 7:0 0 1.9G 1 loop /rofs loop1 7:1 0 89.3M 1 loop /snap/core/6673 loop2 7:2 0 53.7M 1 loop /snap/core18/941 sda 8:0 0 20G 0 disk └─sda1 8:1 0 20G 0 part sr0 11:0 1 2G 0 rom /cdrom
Create temporary directory to mount Linux partition.
$ mkdir tmp
Mount Linux partition to the newly created temporary directory.
$ sudo mount /dev/sda1 tmp/
Mount /dev and /proc folders folders to the Linux partitions' mount point.
$ sudo mount --bind /dev tmp/dev $ sudo mount --bind /proc tmp/proc
chroot to the Linux partition.
$ sudo chroot tmp/ [email protected]:/#
Re-install GRUB bootloader from existing configuration files.
[email protected]:/# grub-install /dev/sda Installing for i386-pc platform. Unknown device "/dev/sda1": No such device Unknown device "/dev/sda1": No such device Unknown device "/dev/sda1": No such device Unknown device "/dev/sda1": No such device Unknown device "/dev/sda1": No such device Unknown device "/dev/sda1": No such device Installation finished. No error reported.
Exit chroot environment.
[email protected]:/# exit exit
Shutdown the system.
$ sudo poweroff
Remove the Live-CD / USB Drive.
Boot the system.